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About Korea
 
Korea is a country full of spirit and surprises. Following its miraculous development over the last 50 years, Korea is now a modernized vibrant nation that still maintains its traditional culture.

The Korean Peninsula is located in North-East Asia. It is bordered by the Amnok River (Yalu River) to the northwest, separating Korea from China, and the Duman River (Tumen River) to the northeast which separates Korea from both China and Russia. The country itself is flanked by the Yellow Sea to its west and the East Sea to the east. There are several notable islands that surround the peninsula including Jejudo, Ulleungdo and Dokdo. Because of its unique geographical location, Korea is a very valuable piece of land and an international hub of Asia.

Today Korea is making giant leaps towards the rest of the world to be firmly anchored on the international map.

Four Distinct Seasons
Korea's climate is regarded as a continental climate from a temperate standpoint and a monsoonal climate from a precipitation standpoint. The climate of Korea is characterized by four distinct seasons: spring, summer, fall, and winter.
Spring
Spring lasts from late March to May and is warm and sunny. Various flowers, including the picturesque cherry blossom, cover the nation's mountains and fields during this time.
Summer
Summer lasts from June to early September. It is a hot and humid time of the year. By June the average temperature is over 20째C(68째F) Monsoon rains usually begin around the end of June and last until mid-to-late July. August is hot and humid.
Autumn
Autumn lasts from September to November, and produces mild weather. October's vivid gold and vibrant reds create a colorful panorama. It is the best season to visit Korea.
Winter
Winter lasts from December to mid-March. It can be bitterly cold during this time due to the influx of cold Siberian air. Heavy snow in the northern and eastern parts of Korea makes for favorable skiing conditions.
National Flag
Korean flag is called "Taegeukgi" in Korean. Its design symbolizes the principles of the yin and yang in Oriental philosophy. The circle in the center of Korean flag is divided into two equal parts. The upper red section represents the proactive cosmic forces of the yang. Conversely, the lower blue section represents the responsive cosmic forces of the yin. The two forces together embody the concepts of continual movement, balance and harmony that characterize the sphere of infinity. The circle is surrounded by four trigrams, one in each corner. Each trigram symbolizes one of the four universal elements: heaven ( ), earth ( ), fire( ), and water ( ).
National Alphabet - Hangeul
Hangeul was invented in 1443, during the reign of King Sejong. It is composed of 10 vowels and 14 consonants. Hangeul has 11 complex vowels, 5 glottalized sounds, and 24 basic Hangeul letters. The chart below represents the 24 Hangeul letters and their romanized equivalents. The Hunminjeongeum, a historical document which provides instructions to educate people using Hangeul, is registered with UNESCO as World Documentary Heritage. UNESCO awards a 'King Sejong Literacy Prize', every year in memory of the inventor of Hangeul.
National Food - Kimchi & Bulgogi
A diverse array of foods and dishes can be found throughout Korea. Korea was once primarily an agricultural nation, and Koreans cultivated rice as their staple food since ancient times. These days Korean cuisine is characterized by a wide variety of wild greens and vegetables. Various fermented and preserved foods, such as kimchi (fermented spicy cabbage), jeotgal (matured seafood with salt) and doenjang (fermented soy bean paste) are notable for their unique flavor and high nutritional value. The prominent feature of a Korean table setting is that all dishes are served at the same time.
Kimchi is a pungent, fermented dish generally consisting of cabbage or turnip seasoned with salt, garlic, green onions, ginger, red pepper and shellfish. It is low in calories and cholesterol and very high in fiber. It is also very nutritious. In fact, it is richer in vitamins than apples. Had the individual who coined the well-known saying "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" been Korean, perhaps he would have said "Some kimchi a day keeps the doctor away."
The word bulgogi is commonly translated as Korean barbecue, though it literally means "fire meat" as bul is "fire" or gogi is "meat". Beef is most often identified with bulgogi, but even pork, chicken, lamb, squid and octopus, for example, can be cooked bulgogi style as bulgogi, like barbecue, is a method of cooking. For the most common beef bulgogi, thin slices of meat, usually tenderloin, are marinated in a sauce made of soy sauce, sesame oil, minced garlic, sesame seeds and other seasonings, and then cooked over a charcoal grill, usually at the table. The grilled beef slices can be eaten as it is or wrapped in lettuce along with slices of fresh garlic and green pepper and a dab of soybean paste, red pepper paste, or a mixture of the two, all of which are rich in vitamins, minerals and cancer-fighting substances.
 
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